When your dog or cat is in a standing position, hold the treat in front of their nose allowing her to sniff it.
(Avoid holding the treat too high or they will jump up instead of sitting!)

  1. In a slow, steady motion move the treat slowly back over the their head. As their nose points up their rear end will ease down to the floor, taking them into the sitting position

  2. Reward them immediately when they sit with the treat and some loving praise

  3. Only add the word “sit” when they are reliably responding to the visual hand cue

  4. You should gradually phase out giving food every time, however they will still need treats intermittently for a while and remember to continue to say “good boy/girl/munchkin /cherub” when your pet sits on cue

  5. With practice your pet should sit with a visual cue such as with a sweep of the hand in an upward movement, even without treats.

Problem solving:

  • If your pet raises its front paws you are raising the treat too high

  • If your pet consistently backs away go back to just rewarding the puppy for approaching you, If the pet continues to back away assess your body language and the pet for fear responses and contact a local pet trainer for further guidance

  • Once you have established that the pet is not fearful and you are not being overbearing you could try to teach the exercise with the pet in a corner, but be careful not to frighten the pet

  • Even when your pet is reliably sitting you should always reward intermittently, with praise and

sometimes treats.




  1. Ask your pet to sit using kibble or treat

  2. Reward your pet as soon as they sit

  3. Hold another treat in front of your pet’s nose and slowly lower the treat to the floor between the pet’s front paws

  4. Repeat this exercise until your pet is lying down reliably then add the verbal cue “drop”. Say “drop” as your pet’s front end touches the floor and give them the treat and lots of praise.

  5. Continue to reward with food occasionally to help reinforce the behaviour and always offer praise like “good girl/boy/cherub” when your pet lies down. Eventually, you should be able to use a downward sweep of your hand and your puppy will slide to the floor.

Problem solving:

  • Make it comfortable for your pet to drop by starting the exercise on a soft surface like a mat

  • Practise when the pet is tired and wants to lie down



  1. Stand a short distance away from your pet and say their name in a happy voice so that they turn around and makes eye contact

  2. Extend your hand toward the pet with a treat or kibble

  3. Wave the food toward you and say “come” as the pet runs to you

  4. Immediately give the food to the pet and say “good dog/boy/girl/cherub”

  5. Take a few steps back. Show the pet a second treat or kibble, say their name and repeat the verbal cue, “come”

  6. Practice this exercise at home and move further and further away from the pet. Once the pet is doing well, begin calling your pet when they are not looking at you and then reward your pet when he comes to you.



  1. Ask your pet to sit and reward them when they do

  2. Lean toward your pet slightly, make eye contact, extend your hand with the palm facing them, and say “stay” but do not move away

  3. Repeat this several times, treating each time

  4. Repeat steps 1 and 2 then take a very small step backwards, say “good boy/girl/doggo/catto” and return to your pet and give them a reward and quiet praise

  5. When you finish this exercise, always give a release cue such as “free” so that your pet know it’s ok to move

  6. Practise this verbal cue when your pet is calm

  7. Practise frequently and increase the time your pet has to stay every 2-3 days

  8. Once your pet will stay for 15 seconds, begin working on distance stays. After saying “stay”, step backwards, wait for a few seconds and then release your puppy. Remember to work on distance to your left, right and backwards separately to start with, slowly increasing each time.